Ecological restoration of wetlands, rivers, lakeshores, prairies; land use impacts to wetland biodiversity; climate change adaptation
ESPM 5071 Ecological Restoration
ESPM 3575/5575 Wetlands
Although restoration has been pursued for more than 50 years in the U.S., we know very little about how to restore most ecosystems so they resemble natural (i.e., not previously converted) ones. Most restorations receive little or no tracking of their success. In fact, many non-regulatory restoration programs nationwide record a project a success on the day of construction or planting; regulatory programs will make this determination 3 to 5 years later. Consequently, the practice of ecological restoration has been more influenced by minimizing time and costs than by an understanding of ecological processes.
My team’s research has emphasized five themes related to restoration ecology: 1) understanding limitations to community reassembly, 2) improving revegetation practices, 3) developing approaches for pre- and post- restoration assessments, 4) developing invasive species removal strategies and enhancing post-removal recovery enhancing ecosystem recovery after invasive species removal, and 5) assessing risks of introduced aquatic plants. Most of our work has focused on research in the prairie pothole wetlands within the agricultural landscapes of the Midwestern U.S. However, we have pursued research on each of these topics in other regions and systems, as well. Recently, we have begun to explore how climate change might need to affect restoration decision-making.
My team’s research is focused on advancing ecological restoration practice. We use landscape-scale studies and controlled field experiments to understand processes of natural recolonization and to develop revegetation and invasive species control strategies.
Galatowitsch, S.M. 2012. Ecological Restoration, Sinauer Press, Boston MA. 610 p.
Galatowitsch, S. 2012. Northern prairie wetlands. Chapter 20 IN: Wetland Habitats of North America. University of California Press (D. Batzer and A. Baldwin, eds).
Larson, D. S. Galatowitsch, and J. Larson. 2011. Native and European haplotypes of Phragmites australis in the Platte River, Nebraska. Great Plains Research 21: 175-180.
Kettenring, K.M. and S.M. Galatowitsch.2011. Carex seedling emergence in restored and natural prairie wetlands. Wetlands 31: 273-281.
Kettenring, K.M. and S.M. Galatowitsch. 2011. Seed rain of restored and natural prairie wetlands. Wetlands 31: 283-294.
Vanderbosch, D. and S. Galatowitsch. 2011. Factors affecting the establishment of Schoenoplectus tabernaemontani in urban lakeshore restorations. Wetlands Ecology and Management 19: 35-45.
Galatowitsch, S., L. Frelich, and L. Phillips-Mao. 2009. Regional climate change adaptation strategies for biodiversity conservation in a midcontinental region of North America. Biological Conservation 142: 2011-2022.
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